Why Do Sump Pump Float Switches Fail?
Written by webtechs

Water Management in Intelligent Buildings and IoT

Intelligent buildings are the culmination of technological advancements that enable cost containment, efficiency, sustainability, and occupant satisfaction through system optimization. While solutions for intelligent buildings have traditionally been positioned to promote energy efficiency, as the market matures, vendors are emphasizing broader benefits. One such benefit is the conservation and management of water, which is becoming an increasingly important issue in commercial buildings. Advocates have long struggled to increase widespread investment in water-saving technologies and the adoption of intelligent building solutions.

Sensor technology and Internet of Things (IoT) devices are becoming more prevalent in commercial building management. This intelligent building management technology provides building owners and occupants with real-time data that can be used to drive or automate decisions, resulting in cost savings and resource conservation.

For example, the growing trend of remote, telecommuting office workers can be addressed through occupancy sensors that detect the presence or absence of employees in work areas, ensuring that the building is lit, cooled, or heated only when necessary. According to a recent study, smart technologies can help the average office building save 18% of its energy consumption. 1

Several of these systems can also take into account tenant or office worker feedback. Comfy, a smart workplace phone or computer app, collects user preferences for workplace temperature settings, aggregates the data, and then instructs the building’s smart energy system to adjust temperatures automatically to maintain a comfortable working environment.

Why is Smart Water Management Gaining Traction?

While the primary focus of IoT devices in smart building management has been on energy savings, their ability to save water is gaining traction. Ecova found that 57% of energy, facility, finance, and sustainability managers had invested in water conservation measures in 2016. Water conservation efforts, such as irrigation controls and behavioral change, were viewed as low- or no-cost priorities by the surveyed group. 2

Today’s investments in smart water management are simple to implement and quickly pay for themselves.

By 2025, the water management technology market is expected to reach $2.8 billion.

Following irrigation, the next step is to integrate smart water technologies into facility management, which is the direction in which the industry is headed, according to a Navigant Research report.

Trends in Intelligent Water Management

Global investment in water management technologies and services is expected to double to $2.8 billion by 2025, the report states, as water management becomes a standard component of smart buildings. As corporate sustainability and energy efficiency become more important, vendors of smart building technology are demonstrating more comprehensive tools, including some designed specifically for water conservation and management.

Significant corporations are under increased pressure from shareholders and customers to demonstrate sustainability action. Customers are seizing the opportunity to manage their water consumption through targeted actions that make economic sense, as the bottom line remains the primary driver of business investment today. Three emerging technology areas are water-efficient plumbing, irrigation management, and monitoring software.

Manage Facility Water Use Effectively Using Smart Water Management Technology

Smart water management technology provides the data and tools necessary to manage water use more effectively. The data collected by smart water devices is integrated with building management systems to demonstrate how much water is being used and to identify areas where water can be used more efficiently.

Here are some ways that HydroPoint’s smart water management tools can assist you in reducing water waste:

Integrated dashboards that display real-time water use data assist you in adhering to water restrictions or budgets for outdoor irrigation.

Water leaks, large and small, indoors and outdoors, can be detected and reported 24 hours a day with 24-hour water usage monitoring and reporting. Alerts can be sent to a computer or a mobile device in the event of a leak.

Automated irrigation schedules based on weather or soil moisture data promote plant health and prevent overwatering landscapes, resulting in decreased plant loss, hardscape damage, common area hazards, and stormwater runoff.

Controlling the system remotely via computer or mobile device eliminates the need for site visits and wet checks.

Sustainability, as well as corporate commitment to intelligent buildings, are significant drivers for early movers in the water management market. However, a lack of regulation and a disparity between the true cost of water and its price are two impediments to water conservation and management. Investment in three segments of water management—software and services, water-efficient plumbing, and irrigation management—provides economic and environmental benefits, but adoption rates and scale vary significantly by region and customer sector. Global investment in water management solutions is expected to increase from $2,007.9 million in 2016 to $2,862.3 million in 2025, according to Navigant Research.

This Navigant Research report examines the opportunities and challenges associated with deploying water management technologies and services in intelligent buildings. The study investigates the major market dynamics influencing water management solution adoption at the macro level, as well as by customer sector (building type) and region. Revenue forecasts for the global market are provided through 2025, segmented by customer sector, technology segment, and region. Additionally, the report examines key water management technologies for intelligent buildings, as well as the competitive landscape.

Significant Issues Addressed:

  • What is motivating interest in intelligent building water management?
  • Which of the following are the primary impediments to investing in intelligent building water management?
  • What are the advantages of intelligent building water management?
  • Which customer segments stand to gain the most from intelligent building water management?
  • Which technology segments in the intelligent building water management market will experience the fastest growth?
  • Which water management solutions are gaining the most traction?

Waterline Controls™

Our level sensors and controls aren’t just for use in residential potable water holding tanks; some of the other applications include cooling towers, sump pumps, wastewater, boilers, water storage tanks, and building fire protection water tanks.

Why Do Sump Pump Float Switches Fail?
Written by webtechs

Water Management in Intelligent Buildings

Intelligent buildings are the culmination of technological advancements that enable cost containment, efficiency, sustainability, and occupant satisfaction through system optimization. While solutions for intelligent buildings have traditionally been positioned to promote energy efficiency, as the market matures, vendors are emphasizing broader benefits. One such benefit is the conservation and management of water, which is becoming an increasingly important issue in commercial buildings. Advocates have long struggled to increase widespread investment in water-saving technologies and the adoption of intelligent building solutions.

Sustainability, as well as corporate commitment to intelligent buildings, are significant drivers for early movers in the water management market. However, a lack of regulation and a disparity between the true cost of water and its price are two impediments to water conservation and management. Investment in three segments of water management—software and services, water-efficient plumbing, and irrigation management—provides economic and environmental benefits, but adoption rates and scale vary significantly by region and customer sector. Global investment in water management solutions is expected to increase from $2,007.9 million in 2016 to $2,862.3 million in 2025, according to Navigant Research.

This Navigant Research report examines the opportunities and challenges associated with deploying water management technologies and services in intelligent buildings. The study investigates the major market dynamics influencing water management solution adoption at the macro level, as well as by customer sector (building type) and region. Revenue forecasts for the global market are provided through 2025, segmented by customer sector, technology segment, and region. Additionally, the report examines key water management technologies for intelligent buildings, as well as the competitive landscape.

Significant Issues Addressed:

  • What is motivating interest in intelligent building water management?
  • Which of the following are the primary impediments to investing in intelligent building water management?
  • What are the advantages of intelligent building water management?
  • Which customer segments stand to gain the most from intelligent building water management?
  • Which technology segments in the intelligent building water management market will experience the fastest growth?
  • Which water management solutions are gaining the most traction?

Waterline Controls™

Our level sensors and controls aren’t just for use in residential potable water holding tanks; some of the other applications include cooling towers, sump pumps, wastewater, boilers, water storage tanks, and building fire protection water tanks.

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Written by webtechs

Fire Safety in Smart Buildings

We’re seeing all aspects of our lives become smarter as technology advances. From our phones to our homes and now to commercial buildings, we are surrounded by technology. We are not only designing buildings that improve efficiencies, but also buildings that make our lives easier. Consider a structure that understands your heating and lighting preferences based on the time of day. Depending on the number of people in the building, a smart building will turn them off or on.

What are smart buildings and how do they work?

Smart buildings contain integrated technology systems that control and automate IoT (Internet of Things) applications, procedures, and processes, as well as collect data to improve internal operations. Smart buildings provide a level of connectivity through their intelligent networks, which are powered by advanced software and interfaces to provide control over a variety of aspects, including heating, lighting, room scheduling, energy consumption, air ventilation, and fire safety and security.

By integrating these systems into their smart building’s network, smart buildings have revolutionized the capabilities and control a business has over its fire safety and security. Integrating fire safety and security into smart buildings can have enormous benefits for employees, the building, and the overall business, from data analysis to automation.

What are the Advantages of Smart Structures?

Smart buildings have a number of advantages that benefit both the company and its employees.

Get Access to Smart Data

Smart technology allows you to receive smart data that will provide you with a detailed understanding of how IoT systems work and how efficient your processes are. Do you want to know who is in your building and where they are? What are the statistics on security system triggers, as well as your overall energy consumption? All of this data can be collected and presented in one unified space by a smart building.

Efficient Energy Consumption

A smart building provides the data necessary for optimal efficiencies, which means that all integrated systems can be controlled to reduce unnecessary energy consumption and thus improve the building’s overall environmental impact.

Access control and motion sensors, for example, can detect whether or not someone is present in a room. If they aren’t, lights and heating/air conditioning can be turned off automatically. Furthermore, appliances that are not in use can be programmed to turn off automatically.

Detection of Faults Automatically

Smart buildings have the advantage of constant data, allowing for real-time monitoring of all systems. The ability to monitor and identify system faults is extremely beneficial to a company because the fault can then be automatically sent to the monitoring provider or building management team. This not only makes the workplace safer for employees, but it also eliminates the need for someone to notice and report a problem.

Find out how the building is used

The ability to learn how the space is used is a key benefit of smart buildings that is often overlooked. Motion sensors, access control, and CCTV are excellent tools for determining which areas are at risk in the event of a fire, a security breach, or even which meeting rooms and desks are available for use.

Increased Productivity

The most well-known benefit of smart buildings is their ability to increase efficiencies, not only in the individual systems but also among employees. Because of the controlled environmental impacts, such as the level of air ventilation and the automation of certain tasks, employees will be able to work more productively.

Cost-cutting

Smart buildings also have the financial benefit of lowering overall costs. This is primarily due to increased overall efficiencies achieved through data analysis and automation, which aid in the elimination of inefficient energy use, employee productivity, and building space utilization.

How Can a Smart Building Integrate Fire Safety?

With the use of wireless, cloud-based, and app-based systems, improved fire safety can be easily integrated into a smart building. When temperature sensors determine whether a piece of equipment is overheating and smoke alarms automatically activate an emergency response, a smart building can significantly improve fire safety.

We can integrate fire alarms, emergency lighting, fire extinguishers, and fire suppression systems into a smart building that can be controlled from a central control point and work alongside existing systems like CCTV, motion sensors, and heating. A smart building will not only be able to detect a fire, but it will also be able to take the necessary steps to prevent one from occurring in the first place.

How can a smart building’s security be integrated?

Security, like fire safety, is easily integrated into a smart building and is critical to keeping a building and its occupants safe.

Motion sensors and intruder alarm systems, for example, can be combined to detect an intruder in a specific area of the building. After that, access control can be used to prevent the intruder from moving around the building until the authorities arrive.

Waterline Controls™

Our level sensors and controls aren’t just for use in residential potable water holding tanks; some of the other applications include cooling towers, sump pumps, wastewater, boilers, water storage tanks, and building fire protection water tanks.

Types of Metering Devices
Written by webtechs

Altitude Valve: What is it and How Does it Work?

An Altitude Valve is a mechanically operated control that relies on a differential of pressure between inlet and outlet to assume a level of water, and control its flow when the supply pressure becomes much higher than the head developed by the full reservoir or storage tank. Frequently used in supplying water in high-rise buildings, ground storage tanks or reservoirs, they have also traditionally been used in remote areas where modern equipment used to be at a disadvantage due to lack of electricity. Today, with cheap reliable batteries and solar power readily available, an upgrade to modern equipment with proper monitoring and alarm systems is within easy reach. Instead of using an Altitude Valve, use a Paragon Valve with a Waterline Controls Fire Protection unit.

Freezing Temperatures

In many climates low temperatures can be an issue when a mechanical valve is used. While in the past a layer of ice on the water surface could render a float valve inoperative and make a remote altitude type valve seem a good choice, today an electronic sensor can include temperature monitoring and reporting/alarm status when the potential for freezing arises.

Costs

Even smaller water suppliers who used to be concerned with costs of upgrading find that between the lower costs of electronic controls, the lack of maintenance issues or failures, along with remote activity reporting and monitoring, modern electronic sensor level control systems are helping relegate altitude valves to situations where conservation, reliability and supervision are not required.

Complications

Obviously, directly measuring the level of water with a sensor is many times more accurate than a pressure differential assessment. Consideration must also be given to the inlet pressure, to ensure it is always greater than the water level head pressure. Too low a pressure will cause the system to equalize the inlet and outlet pressure, and without a differential pressure, the valve will be stuck, trying to fill but never reaching the max level. With no differential pressure the system fails, with no water flowing in or out of the tank.

Options

Waterline Controls™ Liquid Level Controls Systems can operate from Solar powered panels that produce 30vdc, or a battery system charged via solar panel. All systems can connect to a Fire Panel or building management system for full monitoring and fault reporting, with alarms. Without the maintenance and costs of altitude type controls, with advanced monitoring and reporting, full automation compatibility and extreme reliability, there is no reason not to upgrade to modern reliable systems that take into account our responsibility to properly manage and conserve our limited and important water supply.

 

Standard vs. Quiet Sump Pump Check Valve
Written by webtechs

What Is A Lift Station?

A house or company owner does not consider lift stations unless something goes wrong. When the gradient of the terrain prevents natural flow, a lift station is utilized to pump wastewater or sewage from a low level to a higher level.

The wet well and the controls are the two primary components of a lift station. The inflow is emptied into the wet well, which is also where the pumps are located. The lift station’s control panel is its brain.

So, how exactly do lift stations function? A pit is used to hold and feed sewage. When the sewage level in the pit reaches a specific level, electrical instruments detect that the pit is full and activate the pump, which pumps the sewage to its next destination. Because sewage can generate harmful gases like methane and hydrogen sulfide, most lift stations are located underground to avoid health dangers in tight spaces. As a result, owners of existing lift stations should consult a specialist to confirm that the pump is still functioning properly.

A expert can also guarantee that your lift station is properly maintained. Lift stations require maintenance to avoid the need for costly repairs because the pumps, electronic controllers, and electrical system are all in a constantly corrosive environment.

Wet wells must be pumped out and cleaned to prevent solids and grease buildup, pumps must be inspected, check valves must be greased, and floats must be inspected and cleaned to ensure optimal functioning. An inspection of all electrical motor-control equipment, as well as the basin, clean-outs, and coverings to avoid buildup, is also covered.

What constitutes a lift station’s components?

A lift station is made up of a number of critical mechanical components that must be monitored for efficiency, repair, and failure.

A lift station’s main components are:

  • a receiving well for sewage
  • Pumps, pipes, and valves for submersible pumps
  • motors
  • a power distribution system
  • a system for monitoring and controlling equipment
  • a system for odor control

Lift Stations Come in a Variety of Shapes and Sizes

Lift stations are often used by municipalities in charge of collecting and processing wastewater. The dry well/wet well pump, which is more conventional, and the submersible pump, which is more modern.

Well, it’s dry.

The system is housed in a separate place in dry-well lift stations (usually underground or in a separate chamber). Maintenance on a dry well is more risky and poses additional safety hazards due to this physical isolation.

Pump that can be submerged (Wet Well)

Submersible pumps are submerged in the wastewater they pump, as the name implies. It is installed within the wet well and pumps the wastewater with a motor. This method is more modern because it has less health and safety risks.

Never Replace Liquid Level Sensors Again with Waterline Controls™

Our level sensors and controls aren’t just for use in residential potable water holding tanks; some of the other applications include cooling towers, sump pumps, wastewater, boilers, water storage tanks, and building fire protection water tanks.

Chillers In Winter Weather Conditions
Written by webtechs

Chillers In Winter Weather Conditions

Chillers have to be able to work year round and in some cases it is a good idea to make sure your chiller can work at maximum capacity. Follow these tips to make sure your chillers work hard through the cold weather.

 

  • Glycol charts will display the ambient temperature and give you an indication of the total amount of glycol you will need. To do this you will have to utilize a refractometer, specifically inhibited propylene glycol that is especially made for HVAC systems, especially for high and medium temperature chiller applications.
  • Snow and ice must be kept off the chiller condenser coils as they can damage fan blades and restrict the air flow through the condenser and this will reduce the potential of the cooling abilities of the chiller.
  • Use the manual controls for your head pressures. Head pressures drop during very cold weather and if the chiller is not one that has ambient control equipment such as a flooded condenser or fan cycling, the chiller may not operate correctly. One way of solving this is to block the flow of air through the condenser by wrapping it with plastic or using some card board to block the condenser. it is not a perfect fix, nor a permanent one but will work on a temporary basis.
  • By allowing the pump to run, it should provide sufficent warm water to keep the fluid above the freezing level or above the freeeze levels of the glycol. But at night, the ambient temperature of the air will cool down the fluid rapidly. When the pump is allowed to run, heat will be added from the pumps and from inside the buildings.
  • By planning ahead, you can ensure your chiller is equipped to handle the cold weather conditions in your environment. If you perform a maintenance check in Spetember, it will give you ample time to make any needed alternations.
  • Make sure everything in the system is correctly and completely installed including pumps, piping, safeties and controls.
  • Make sure the cooler evaporator is connected to its separate electrical service and checked for the correct voltage.
  • Perform an inspection for cracks and leaks before the onset of cold weather. This may be an action that saves you tens of thousands of dollars over the winter.
  • Develop a back up plan should your chiller lose power over the cold weather period of the year.
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Written by webtechs

Types of Pumping Stations

A pump station is a product used to lift or move water when no gravity fall can be achieved. Installed underground and often cylindrical in shape, the pump station would normally have 1 or 2 pumps installed inside it. Float switches monitor the level of water in the tank. As water enters the tank and fills up, the float switch activates the pump to move the water to its desired location.

 

Different types of pump station

There are different types of pump stations depending on the application and water it is receiving as follows:

 

Crude pump stations

A crude pump station (or sometimes called a raw sewage pump station) is designed to move wastewater from a building. The pumps will normally be vortex pumps with a large free passage to enable solids to be moved, or grinder pumps which churn up solids to allow pumping through narrower pipes.

 

Final effluent pump stations

A final effluent pump station is designed to be used to move treated water (containing no solids). These are commonly used when the outlet of a treatment plant needs to be lifted. The pump station can be fitted with single or twin pumps. Alarm options are also available.

 

Surface water pump stations

A surface water pump station works in the same principle as all pump stations, it takes water from surfaces (roofs, or groundwater) and used in the event no gravity fall can be achieved. The pump(s) will be sized depending on the estimated flow rate and the distance the pump has to move the water.

 

Adoptable vs Private Pumping Stations 

Broadly speaking, pumping stations can be divided into two main categories – Adoptable Pumping Stations and Package Pumping Stations.

 

Adoptable Pumping Stations are designed for large-scale applications and comply with all Water Company requirements, Sewers for Adoption specifications and the DCG (Design Construction Guide), making them suitable for use on public land.

 

Package or Private Pumping Stations are used for removing wastewater from privately run developments, whether residential or commercial properties.

 

Sometimes ownership of pumping stations is transferred, via a legal process known as pumping station adoption. For example, legal ownership in a housing development might be transferred from the developer to the local water authority. They would then be responsible for the ongoing maintenance of the pumping station.

Myths and Facts About Commercial Fire Sprinkler Systems
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Myths and Facts About Commercial Fire Sprinkler Systems

What do high-rise buildings, stadiums, medical centers, and warehouses all have in common? These massive commercial structures necessitate the use of commercial fire sprinkler systems to provide the best possible fire protection. When it comes to the usefulness of fire sprinklers, there are many myths that obscure the realities

When extreme heat reaches the sprinkler heads, commercial fire sprinklers douse the flames. Massive amounts of heat pour upward toward the ceiling as flames unwind in seconds. Heat infiltration is how fire sprinklers work.

In fact, glycerin-based solutions are stored within the glass bulbs of fire sprinklers. The glycerin-based liquids inside the bulbs swell when hot air of 135 to 165 degrees Fahrenheit collides with them. The bulb shatters as the liquid expands. As a result, the sprinklers are turned on right away.

It’s reassuring to know that the toast burning in the office break room won’t set off the fire sprinklers.

Myth: When one sprinkler activates, all sprinklers activate as well.

Sprinkler systems are frequently dramatized on television. Commercial sprinklers are shown in movies going off like firecrackers, with one sprinkler activating the sprinkler systems for the entire floor.

The truth is that each sprinkler works in its own unique way. The water from just one or two sprinkler heads is enough to put out the majority of flames in commercial environments. According to data compiled over the course of 80 years of automated sprinkler use, 82 percent of fires are put out with no more than two sprinkler heads.

Myth: Sprinklers cause catastrophic water damage.

Fire sprinklers release significantly less water than a firefighter’s hose, which does far less damage. When a fireman tries to put out a fire on a commercial building, he uses six times the amount of water that a sprinkler system would. As a result, a fire service visit and subsequent extinguishment can result in considerable water damage.

Install a business fire sprinkler system to keep water damage to a minimum. Remember that a single sprinkler head rarely activates the entire system. Small fires are put out, and water damage is minimized.

Myth: Smoke alarms provide ample protection, hence fire sprinklers are unnecessary.

While smoke detectors notify staff to the presence of a fire, they do nothing to extinguish it.

Furthermore, if a fire breaks out late at night or on weekends, the fire alarm system fails to put out the flames, allowing the fire to spread and destroy property long before the fire trucks arrive.

Myth: Fire sprinklers aren’t very effective in saving lives and reducing injuries.

Fact: When an automatic fire sprinkler system is installed, the number of injuries and fatalities is minimized. According to the National Fire Protection Association, there were 0.8 deaths per 1,000 recorded fires in houses with an automated extinguishing system (AES); nevertheless, there were 6.3 deaths per 1,000 reported fires in structures without an AES. According to the research, buildings with sprinkler systems have an 87 percent lower death rate than those without.

There are alarming statistics about fire-related injuries and the essential role sprinkler systems play. When a structure had a sprinkler system, there were 23 injuries for every 1,000 recorded fires. This means that buildings with sprinkler systems have a 27 percent lower injury rate than those without. The fires were either too small to activate the sprinklers, or injuries were inflicted in the first stages of the fire outbreak, before the sprinklers could activate, resulting in injuries.

Myth: There is no need to maintain a business fire sprinkler system.

Sprinkler systems, like any mechanical device, require regular maintenance in order to function during vital moments. Sprinkler failures can be caused by a lack of maintenance. It’s worth noting that, because to advances in fire safety equipment, fire sprinkler failures are becoming less prevalent.

Regular maintenance involves ensuring that pipes do not freeze in freezing weather, testing sprinklers weekly, monitoring pipe pressure, inspecting heads for damage and unrestricted flow on a regular basis, looking for leaks, and ensuring that valves open and close properly.

Additionally, property owners should make sure that the sprinklers are turned on. While it may appear sensible, the sprinkler system was turned off in 59 percent of sprinkler system failures.

Myth: Installing sprinklers has no impact on property insurance premiums.

Certain local rules may require the installation of sprinklers. While installing sprinklers might be costly for certain businesses, many insurance companies will lower premiums if a sprinkler system is installed. Annual sprinkler inspections are essential to maintain the lower insurance prices.

If your commercial property’s fire sprinkler system is turned on and well-maintained, a fire is unlikely to cause substantial damage. In the event that a tiny fire breaks out and is quickly put out by sprinklers, the fire damage will be minimal.

Waterline Controls™

Our level sensors and controls aren’t just for use in residential potable water holding tanks; some of the other applications include cooling towers, sump pumps, wastewater, boilers, water storage tanks, and building fire protection water tanks.

Myths and Facts About Commercial Fire Sprinkler Systems
Written by webtechs

What Type of Fire Can Be Put Out Safely with Water?

There are five classes of fires, and they are classified according to what fuels them. Extinguishing a fire successfully depends on the fuel. A fire needs fuel, oxygen, and heat. To effectively put out a fire you need to remove one of these elements. Read on to learn more.

Fires are classified as Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, and Class K. Each type of fire involves a different flammable material and a special approach to safely putting it out. Trying to extinguish a fire with the wrong method can be dangerous and make the situation worse.

  • Class A fires involve solid materials such as wood, clothing, paper, and plastic. These fires are the most common and ones that you are most likely to be familiar with. Many Class A fires are caused unintentionally by accidents such as knocking over a candle to lightning hitting a tree. Class A fires are the easiest to put out and you can use a water or foam extinguisher. The fire is smothered by extinguishing the fire’s heat supply.
  • Class B fires involve flammable liquids rather than solids. Common causes for these fires include gasoline, alcohol, and oil. It is important to note that despite involving liquid, this Class does not include cooking fires. Water does not extinguish Class B fires and can spread the flammable liquid, making it worse. You must only put out these fires with powder, foam, or carbon dioxide extinguishers to cut off the fire’s oxygen supply.
  • Class C fires involve electricity, and they can be started in old wiring, frayed cords, or faulty appliances. Should you notice an electrical fire, you must try to disconnect the appliance if it is safe to do so. Use a powder or carbon dioxide extinguisher to put these fires out. Water and foam cannot be used as they are both electrical conductors and can make the situation more dangerous. Once the power supply is shut off, Class C fires become Class A instead as the electrical component has been removed.
  • Class D fires are very rare and occur when metal ignites. These are rare because most metals require high temperatures to ignite but alkali metals like aluminum, potassium, and magnesium can ignite when exposed to water or air. You therefore, cannot use water on these fires and can only use a dry powder extinguisher. The powder works by separating the oxygen from the fuel or removing the heat.
  • Class K fires involve cooking liquids and fats and sometimes can be grouped together with Class B fires. These fires have high flash points and commonly occur on the stove when pans are left unattended. You need to remove the pan from the heat as soon as possible and never use water as it can cause a dangerous splatter effect. A wet chemical extinguisher is best for cooking fires.

Types of Fire Extinguishers

When faced with fire it is beneficial to know the ways to put out a fire and what types of fires can be put out with water. Just as there are different types of fires, there are different types of extinguishers:

  • Class A extinguishers put out common flammable materials such as wood, and paper.
  • Class B extinguishers are for grease, oils, and gasoline.
  • Class C extinguishers will put out electrical fires.
  • Class D are for flammable metals.

The materials in these extinguishers that put the fires out are either water, foam, dry powder, or carbon dioxide.

  • Water extinguishers: These work by removing the heat element and spray water propelled by air onto the flames.
  • Carbon dioxide extinguishers: These contain a mix of gaseous and liquid carbon dioxide stored at a high pressure. When released the carbon dioxide spray smothers the oxygen, starving the fire.
  • Foam and dry powder extinguishers: These work similar, with the canister either filled with foam or powder. These are propelled by compressed nitrogen and smothers the fire by depriving it of oxygen from the surrounding air.

You can purchase multipurpose extinguishers for your home, and they will put out common household fires. Most industrial or commercial properties will have extinguishers on site that can effectively put out any types of fires expected in that environment. Learn the basics of fire extinguishers on Fire Rescue Magazine.

How to Safely Extinguish Fires

There are certain fires that you are more likely to come across than others, but it is important to know how to put them out should you encounter any of the different types of fires.

  • How to put out a gas fire: Water will be ineffective but you can smother the flames with a blanket. You can also use a powder or foam extinguisher.
  • How to put out a chemical fire: ever use water as this can spread the chemicals further. Extinguish these fires with foam or dry powder.
  • How to put out a gasoline fire: Gasoline fires will require a foam or powder extinguisher. If you can, use wet rags or sand to smother the fire. This is only effective if the amount of gasoline is small.
  • How to put out an electrical fire: Do not use water. Unplug the device or appliance if safe to do so and turn off power if possible. Use a multipurpose extinguisher or smother the flames with a blanket. Baking soda can also be used on small electrical fires to smother the flames.
  • How to put out an alcohol fire: You need a carbon dioxide extinguisher for alcohol fires or cover it with something non-flammable and heat-resistant.
  • How to put out an oven fire: Close the oven door and turn it off. If flames come out of the oven, you can use a multipurpose extinguisher or throw baking soda on the flames.
  • How to smother a fire: Smothering a fire involves depriving it of oxygen and this can be done by using a blanket.

Source: https://my.firefighternation.com/profiles/blogs/what-type-of-fire-can-be-put-out-with-water#gref

Waterline Controls™

Our level sensors and controls aren’t just for use in residential potable water holding tanks; some of the other applications include cooling towers, sump pumps, wastewater, boilers, water storage tanks, and building fire protection water tanks.

Importance of Fire Safety and Prevention Planning
Written by webtechs

Commercial Building Sprinkler Systems: When Are They Required?

Fire safety is highly important for owners and managers of commercial buildings. A fire in a commercial establishment could lead to serious injury or even death of employees and customers. Read on to learn more about sprinkler systems.

Fire Sprinkler Requirements for Commercial Buildings

Some of the more important fire sprinkler requirements for commercial buildings include:

  • Automatic fire sprinkler systems must be installed in all newly built commercial buildings with a fire area that exceeds 5,000 square feet, after any remodeling or renovation that extends the fire area beyond 5,000 square feet, or any single tenant expansion requiring a new certificate of occupancy that increases the fire area beyond 12,000 square feet. Fire sprinkler systems must be installed throughout the building and must be designed to provide the maximum amount of coverage.
  • Sprinkler systems must be installed in townhomes that contain more than two residential occupancy units per building.
  • Buildings more than 55 feet in height must have automatic sprinkler systems installed throughout the building.
  • Fire pumps should be installed to increase the amount of pressure in a sprinkler system when the system is fed by a non-pressurized water tank or when the municipal water system does not have sufficient pressure to provide enough water to sprinklers. Wherever possible, fire pumps should be housed in separate buildings. If pumps are located in the same building, they should be in a fire-rated room with an exterior entrance. Pump room entrances should be clearly marked to make them easier to find and access.
  • Water supply control valves must be accessible for easy operation. Valves located in stairways must be protected and easily accessible during a fire. Valves should be clearly identified and marked, with exterior signs showing locations of indoor valves. Valves should be marked with information indicating areas or locations covered.
  • Self-storage facilities must have automatic sprinklers installed throughout the facility, except in one-story facilities with no indoor corridors and with a one-hour fire barrier.

Waterline Controls™

Our level sensors and controls aren’t just for use in residential potable water holding tanks; some of the other applications include cooling towers, sump pumps, wastewater, boilers, water storage tanks, and building fire protection water tanks.

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